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Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri was the political capital of India's Mughal Empire under Akbar's reign, from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water. It is located in what is now Uttar Pradesh.

Some of the important buildings in this city:

Naubat Khana –

Drum house: near the entry, where important arrivals are announced.

Diwan-i-Am –

Hall of Public Audience: a building typology found in many Mughal cities where the ruler meets the general public. In this case it is a pavilion like multi-bayed rectangular structure fronting a large open space.

Diwan-i-Khas –

Hall of Private Audience: famous for its central pillar with thirty-six voluted brackets supporting a circular platform for Akbar.

Raja Birbal's house:

The house of Akbar's favourite minister, who was a Hindu. Notable features of the building are the horizontal sloping sunshades or chajjas and the brackets which support them.

Jodhabai's palace:

The building shows Gujarati influence and is built around a courtyard, with special care being taken to ensure privacy.

Pachisi Court:

A square marked out as a large sized board game (modern day Ludo) where live coins- people- participated.

Char Chaman Tank:

Tank with a central platform and four bridges leading up to it.

Buland Darwaza –

The 'Gate of Magnificence': one of the gateways to the Jami masjid, a stupendous piece of architecture from the outside, gradually making a transition to a human scale in the inside.

Jama Masjid:

The mosque, built in the manner of Indian mosques, with liwans (aisles) around a central courtyard. A distinguishing feature is the row of chhatris (small domed pavilions) over the sanctuary.

Tomb of Salim Chisti:

A white marble encased tomb within the Jama mosque's courtyard.

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