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Agra Fort

By most estimates, the fort was taken over from the Lodis by the Mughals in the late 16th century, by Akbar the Great. During his reign, he shifted the government of his empire from Delhi to Agra. Because of this, much of Agra flourished and the site of the old Lodis fort began changing into more of a royal estate. Akbar tended to build from red sandstone, often inlaid with white marble and intricate decorations. It was only during the reign of Akbar's grandson, Shah Jahan,that the site finally took on its current state. The legend is that Shah Jahan built the beautiful Taj Mahal for his wife. Unlike his grandfather, Shah Jahan tended to have buildings made from white marble, often inlaid with gold or semi-precious gems. He destroyed some of the earlier buildings inside the fort in order to make his own. The fort has a semi-circular plan, its chord lying parallel to the river. Its walls are seventy feet high. Double ramparts have massive circular bastions are regular intervals as also battlements, embrasures, machicolations and string courses.Four gates were provided on its four sides, one Khizri gate" opening on to the river.Two of the gates are called the 'Delhi Gate' and the 'Lahore Gate'.

Structures within Agra Fort :

Anguri Bagh-

85 square, geometrically arranged gardens.

Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience) -

was used to speak to the people and listen to petitioners and once housed the Peacock Throne.

Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience) -

was used to receive kings and dignitary, features black throne of Jehangir.

Golden Pavilions -

Beautiful pavilions with roofs shaped like the roofs of Bengali huts.

Jehangiri Mahal -

Built by Akbar for his son Jehangi.

Khas Mahal -

white marble palace, one of the best examples of painting on marble.

Macchi Bhawan (Fish Enclosure) -

Grand enclosure for harem functions, once had pools and fountains.

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